The Government is the public authority of executive power that functions on the basis of the vote of confidence granted by Parliament, ensures the achievement of the country's domestic and foreign policy and that exercises the general leadership of public administration.
The Government is appointed by the President of Romania on the basis of the vote of confidence granted to the Government by Parliament.
The Government has the role of ensuring balanced functioning and development of national economic and social system, and its connection to the world economic system while promoting national interests.
The Government is organized and operates in accordance with constitutional provisions, on the basis of the Government program approved by Parliament.
The Government consists of Prime Minister and Ministers. Prime Minister leads the Government and coordinates the activities of its members, in compliance with their legal duties.
The working apparatus of the Government is composed of the working apparatus of the Prime Minister, Secretariat - General of the Government, departments and other similar organizational structures with specific tasks set by Government Decision.
The Government adopts decisions and ordinances.
Decisions are issued for law enforcement organization. Ordinances are issued under a special enabling law, within the limits and conditions specified by it.
The decisions and ordinances adopted by the Government are signed by Prime Minister, countersigned by the Ministers who are duty bound to implement them and are published in the Official Gazette. The non - publication entails the absence of a decision or ordinance. Decisions with military character shall be conveyed only to the institutions concerned.
The following public authorities have the right to initiate draft public policy documents and draft legislative acts for adoption / approval by the Government, according to their tasks and activity field:
- Ministries and other specialized bodies of central public administration, subordinated to the Government, and autonomous administrative authorities;
- specialized bodies of central public administration subordinated or coordinated by Ministries, by the Ministries under whose subordination or coordination they are;
- Prefects, county councils, the General Council of Bucharest, according to the law, through the Ministry of Interior and Administrative Reform.
The substantiation notes are legal instruments of presentation and motivation of the legislative acts - Government decisions and (simple and emergency) ordinances.